At the upper primary level, the curiosity of children continues to rise, resulting in more ‘why’ questions to each answer provided. The importance of social connections and the desire for greater independence now grow in parallel. With their increasing capacity for imagination and reasoning, they are now able to connect the different ideas they discover in their immediate society and the world beyond. Correspondingly, their growing awareness allows them to consider alternative solutions to moral and ethical issues.
Social development remains a central component within the upper primary classroom and is interwoven into all aspects of the curriculum. Interpersonal skills are nurtured within a respectful, equitable and co-operative classroom environment that promotes constructive collaboration and where students learn to resolve conflicts using confidence, kindness and compassion. To further support their concern for fairness, justice, and morality, students practise decision making, event planning, and classroom management, routinely. Upper primary students receive small group lessons with practical applications that they employ in projects outside of the school, allowing them to experience their positive impact in their greater community.
The 5 Great lessons, which cover subjects ranging from the start of the universe to the development of language and numbers, are presented for the second time in the upper primary classroom. Montessori trained guides build on the student’s established familiarity with the stories and utilise the children’s growing awareness, understanding and intellect to delve deeper into each subject. With their broader world view and multicultural classroom, students are able to explore, not only the many topics that branch out from these lessons, but ideological differences between cultures. Computers are introduced at this level and are used to support the research and the presentation of selected research topics.
The academic programme of the upper primary classroom is grounded in language arts, mathematics, science and geography while enhanced by the integrated features of music, physical education, visual art, drama and Indonesian language. Lessons are delivered by guides in a layered approach, which blends hands-on learning using Montessori materials with abstract conceptual work, internal class discussions and project work to create a multifaceted learning experience. This inter-disciplinary academic programme enables studies in one area, such as Egyptian society, to cross over and inspire lessons in related subjects, such as geometry. The mentoring structure of Montessori classrooms, where older students assist younger students with challenging lessons, continues, contributing to a deeper understanding of subjects and a strengthened classroom community.